The Jupyter Notebook is a very famous web-based interactive computing platform, which receives love from many of us. However, there’s a latest web-based interactive development environment for notebooks, code, and data – JupyterLab – which is worth a chance to check. You will love your transition to JupyterLab to perform your data science tasks, trust me.
In this article, we will introduce you some of the updates and changes that you can see in JupyterLab 3.0, the latest version of it.
If you already use JupyterLab then just use the following commands to upgrade your JupyterLab
pip install --upgrade jupyterlab
conda update jupyterlab
If you’re new, you will need to install pip or Anaconda/ Miniconda on your system.
Then use the following commands to install JupyterLab
pip install jupyterlab==3
conda install -c conda-forge jupyterlab=3
JupyterLab 3.0 now comes with a front-end debugger by default, which allows you to debug notebooks, code consoles, and files from JupyterLab directly.
In order to use this debugger, you’ll need a kernel that supports debugging. For example, for python, we have xeus-python, commonly known as xpython, which is the only Python kernel that supports debugging and is compatible with JupyterLab now. You need to install it first, then follow the following commands for installation of xeus-python.
The safest usage is to create an environment named jupyterlab-debugger with your miniconda installation
conda create -n jupyterlab-debugger -c conda-forge jupyterlab=3 xeus-python conda activate jupyterlab-debugger
After installing this, you can just select this kernel from the launcher
or you can switch to the xpython kernel using the kernel selection dialog:
And then you’re all set to debug your code
This upgrade is very simple but effective, which helps you see and navigate through the structure of your document easily. When you click on the Toggle Auto-numbering, you will see a table of content. If you wanna see the description of one content, just click this Toggle Markdown Text cells (notice the small button with alphabet M).
There have been several changes in the user-side interface. The property inspector moved to the right sidebar now
The command palette now comes floating on the center of the top of the window. This enables users to quickly invoke a command while keeping the sidebar closed or switching sidebar panels. You now can use the View menu or use the shortcut Ctrl + Shift + C to access the command palette.
The file browser now has a filter input which filters the list of files using the same fuzzy matching as the command palette
Now, you can also access Simple interface mode easily by using the toggle on the command prompt. It has been updated for a more targeted, documented-oriented feel.
You can select Simple Interface mode from the View menu, or you can just directly press shortcut Ctrl+Shift+D
A big update in this version of JupyterLab is that now you can change your interface and view contents in your language. First you will need to install a language pack (see the list of available packs here), following this command (example with Chinese language)
pip install jupyterlab-language-pack-zh-CN
conda install -c conda-forge jupyterlab-language-pack-zh-CN
When you install these language packs, only the language code gets changed and the rest of the command remains the same. Once you’ve installed the language pack all you need to do now is to change the interface.
You go to:
Settings> Language> Chinese(Simplified China)
A confirmation pop-up will appear. You should accept that and then refresh your page. Now you will see everything on the screen in your selected language (Chinese in this case).
JupyterLab is designed as an extensible environment. JupyterLab extensions can customize or enhance any part of JupyterLab. Earlier, you can install source extension packages from npm using the Extension Manager in JupyterLab and the jupyter labextension. And installing a source extension requires Node.js and a JupyterLab rebuild to activate.
You can still use this method, but now there’s another and easier way, which is using Python pip and conda packages.
One of the examples of extension is Debugger, which is the 2.1 part. Another simple example of a Jupyter Lab extension is a Python file. In order to install this extension, you should use the following command
pip install jupyterlab-python-file
conda install -c conda-forge jupyterlab-python-file
As simple as that! and after successfully running this command you’ll see that the launcher now has an option of python file in it.
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